Gypsum Board

Gypsum Board

Gypsum boards, also known as drywall or plasterboard, are panels made from a gypsum core that is covered with paper or fiberglass mats. The panels are used to create interior walls and ceilings in residential and commercial construction.

The gypsum core is a soft mineral composed of calcium sulphate dihydrate, which is mined from natural deposits or produced as a by-product of various industrial processes. The core is then mixed with water and additives to create a slurry, which is poured onto a sheet of paper or fiberglass mat. Another layer of paper or mat is then applied on top of the slurry, and the entire assembly is compressed and dried to form a rigid panel.

Gypsum boards are available in various sizes and thicknesses and can be easily cut, shaped, and installed using common tools and techniques. They are widely used because they are fire-resistant, soundproof, and provide a smooth and even surface for painting or wallpapering.

Gypsum Boards

Types of Gypsum Boards

There are several types of gypsum boards, each with its unique characteristics and applications. Here are some of the most common types:

Standard Gypsum Board

This is the most used type of gypsum board, which is used for general construction purposes, such as interior walls and ceilings.

Moisture-Resistant Gypsum Board

This type of gypsum board is designed to withstand moisture and humidity and is commonly used in areas such as bathrooms, kitchens, and laundry rooms.

Fire-Resistant Gypsum Board

This type of gypsum board contains glass fibers and other additives that make it resistant to fire, making it suitable for areas that require fire-rated construction, such as stairwells, mechanical rooms, and elevator shafts.

Soundproof Gypsum Board

This type of gypsum board has additional mass and sound-dampening properties, making it ideal for use in walls and ceilings to reduce noise transmission.

Exterior Gypsum Board

This type of gypsum board is specially designed for use in exterior applications, such as soffits, eaves, and cladding systems.

Shaft Liner Gypsum Board

This type of gypsum board is used in vertical shafts and ducts to provide fire protection and insulation.

Impact-Resistant Gypsum Boar

This type of gypsum board is made with a dense core and a reinforced surface layer, making it highly resistant to impact and abuse. It is commonly used in high-traffic areas such as schools, hospitals, and sports facilities.

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